Article:GE to take the leap - GE/BHI to reposition itself within top four service providers
Article:Half of cost reductions in offshore developments attributed to downsizing, simplification and design
RYSTAD ENERGY PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS
Oilfield Service Databases
• DCube(Demand Database): Field-by-field coverage for the global oilfield service companies and their spending
The latest DCube version (October 2016) reveals that the onshore market in North America is will gain a tremendous momentum in activity in 2017 if OPEC cuts production and oil prices rise.
• SCube(Supplier Database): Detailed insights into revenues of the largest oilfield service companies
Q3 2016 version of SCube shows that revenue decline among service companies slowed down in the second quarter of 2016. Reported revenues were down only 3% compared to Q1 2016. Given the budgets for E&P companies rest of 2016, service companies revenue might flatten out.
• RigCube (Rig Supply & Demand Database): Insights into historical and forecasted global rig supply and demand
In Q3 2016 RigCube version demand for floaters in 2016 will decrease by 25 % y/y. For jack-ups, demand will fall by 15% compared to 2015 levels.
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As the industry heads into the third year of the downturn, market fundamentals for the deepwater segment continue to fight strong headwinds. Utilization for the global offshore floating rig fleet will exit 2016 near 50%. This compares to 73% at year-end 2015.
Near-term market conditions remain challenging, as many of the tenders currently in the market are for short programs versus a small handful of multi-year tenders. By the middle of 2017, floater utilization could dip to 44% (assuming no new contract fixtures with early 2017 start dates). Based on Rystad Energy mapping of additional demand to materialize in 2017, we think 2017 average utilization will reach 53%.
As seen in the chart below, the pace of contracting activity for floating rigs has slowed dramatically: Third quarter 2016 saw only ten new floating rig contracts signed, which compares to a previous five-year average of 40. Due to the limited number of outstanding tenders, we do not expect this to increase materially before the end of the year. Also note how the below chart demonstrates that rates achieved in these contracts have plummeted from rates in the high-$500k/d, down to $150k/d in the third quarter of 2016. This average is close to operating costs for many of these units and we suspect that certain contracts have been entered into at negative cash margins.
Chart 1 shows average dayrates and number of contracts by quarter. For the past two years, average rig rates and contracting volumes have been trending downwards. Realized dayrates and contract volumes have decreased substantially as compared to the period before oil prices started to fall during the summer of 2014.
Eighteen floating rigs have seen early termination notices so far in 2016. Three rigs receiving termination notices from Petrobras have received temporary relief from a Brazilian court in the form of an injunction. However, these rigs are currently on standby. According to research by Rystad Energy, we have identified between 7 and 10 rigs whose contracts could be at risk of cancellation. Regardless of further contract terminations, 2017 will continue to be challenging for the floating rig market with any improvement not likely until 2018.
Cost compression across the entire supply chain and greater drilling efficiencies are setting the stage for an uptick in FIDs. Couple this with an expected rebound in the commodity price environment and the stage is indeed set for a recovery of floater demand beyond 2017. Data from RigCube, based on Rystad Energy’s base-case oil price forecast, suggests an increase in demand for floating rigs of 8.75% CAGR for 2018 through 2020. Pairing data from Rystad Energy’s UCube database, we show that ~37 projects could reach FID status during 2017, supporting our view of increasing demand for floating rigs starting in 2018. As noted in the map below, the regions that will see the greatest amount of growth in floater activity are East Africa followed by the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Mexico.
This map illustrates areas where demand for floating rigs is most likely to increase.